The immune system, in general terms, is founded in three major “control barriers”, namely the “physical barriers” or first line of defense
A healthy alimentary canal is a fundamental element for the optimal growth and performance of all cultured fish.
In aquaculture trials with Pacific white shrimp and Nile tilapia, Bacti-nil® Aqua, an aquafeed additive from Adisseo, effectively prevented disease and promoted growth.
Feed intake is a major driver of overall growth performance. However, low water temperature downregulates fish metabolism, including the process of nutrient digestion and utilization, and consequently the desire to ingest feed.